The AICPA’s Auditing Standards Board (ASB) is taking steps to enhance the consistency of financial reporting between public and private companies. A new omnibus auditing standard will cover standards on related parties, communications with audit committees, and consideration of fraud in a financial statement audit.
Syncing the standards
Auditors of public companies are required to follow the standards set by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB). But auditors of private companies generally adhere to the ASB guidance. In some cases, the existing auditing standards may differ.
In January, the ASB voted to issue a final standard to more closely align its guidance with the PCAOB’s standards. Statement on Auditing Standards (SAS) Omnibus Statement on Auditing Standards — 2019 will primarily amend:
- AU-C Section 550, Related Parties,
- Clarified Statement on Auditing Standards (AU-C) Section 260, The Auditor’s Communication With Those Charged With Governance, and
- AU-C Section 240, Consideration of Fraud in a Financial Statement Audit.
The final standard is based on Proposed SAS Omnibus Statement on Auditing Standards — 2018, which the AICPA published in November 2017. The proposal was issued after the AICPA completed its Clarity Project in 2012. The Clarity Project was carried out to make the AICPA’s audit guidance easier to understand and use.
Promoting audit consistency
The ASB believes that the amendments will improve the quality of private company audits. The PCAOB originally based its standards on ASB guidance. However, in recent years, the PCAOB has enhanced its rules to help prevent and detect accounting scandals like Enron and WorldCom.
Specifically, the PCAOB’s Auditing Standard (AS) 2410, Related Parties, toughened the requirements for auditors when they review the business deals of a company’s officers and directors for conflicts of interest. And AS 1301, Communications with Audit Committees, strengthened communications that auditors have with audit committees.
The ASB’s omnibus standard adds communication requirements regarding the auditor’s views about a company’s significant unusual transactions. The changes will require auditors to communicate the potential effect of uncorrected misstatements on future financial statements.
In addition, the new ASB standard adds a requirement to look for previously unidentified or undisclosed related parties or significant related-party transactions. The requirement is intended to enhance the auditor’s response to the risks of material misstatement associated with related-party transactions, taking into account the information gathered during an audit.