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System & Organization Controls (SOC) Auditing:SOC 1 and SOC 2 AuditsWhat types of SOC Audits are required?What Type of SOC Audit is Right for You?Ask Us About System & Organization Controls (SOC) Auditing Back to Top

SOC 1 and SOC 2 Audits

As a service provider, your clients need to know that your processes and security controls meet their standards in order to conduct business with you, which is both a competitive advantage to your service organization, and an assurance to your clients.

And as a company, you should know the strengths and weaknesses of your service providers to assure their systems and processes do not present risk to your financial reporting or data security.

What is a System and Organization Control (SOC) Audit?

SOC Audit Definition

Many service companies have the potential to impact their customers’ financial information and data integrity across their business functions. Auditors of company financials and data security protocols require assurance that the controls and processes of those service providers are in full compliance so that the integrity of company financials and their data are intact.

System Organization Control Audits, or SOC Audits, are an analysis and report given on a service organization’s controls of said financial information and data integrity. These audits provide assurance to auditors that the processes service organizations are utilizing will not have a negative impact on financial reporting or data integrity.

Who should have a SOC Audit?

Companies that should have a SOC Audit

Any service organization that houses or services confidential and private financial data should consider performing a SOC audit of their organization.

  • SaaS companies
  • Payment processors
  • Service providers to insurance brokers and banks
  • Data outsourcers

Additionally, those serving high-risk industries, including:

  • Financial services
  • Healthcare
  • Professional services

What types of SOC Audits are required?

SOC Audits are organized into several types, including SOC 1 and SOC 2, under the auspices of the AICPA (American Institute of CPAs) under the SOC reporting platform.

SOC 1 ReportSOC 2 Report

SOC 1 Report

SOC 1 – TYPE 1 & 2

  • SOC 1 – Type 1 audits focus on a description of a service organization’s controls related to financial reporting and how relevant and effective those controls are designed to achieve the control objective at a point in time.
  • SOC 1 – Type 2 audits contain the same features of a Type 1, however it adds an opinion on the operating effectiveness of achieving the control objectives relevant to financial information integrity through that time period.

SOC 2 Report

The SOC 2 audit report focuses on data integrity and a service organization's controls that affect operations and compliance, as outlined by the AICPA’s Trust Service criteria in relation to 5 principles:

  • Security of data
  • Availability of data
  • Processing integrity
  • Confidentiality
  • Privacy

The SOC 2 report is a detailed account of the service auditor’s test of controls in place and the results of said controls related to data integrity. In addition to the Trust Service Criteria, SOC 2 audits can focus on cybersecurity as well.

SOC 2 – TYPE 1 and 2

SOC 2 – Type 1 audits test the Design of Controls related to security principles at a point in time.

SOC 2 – Type 2 audits contain the same features as a Type 1, however it adds an opinion on the operating effectiveness of achieving the control objectives of data integrity through that time period.

What Type of SOC Audit is Right for You?

Table comparing use cases for SOC 1 vs SOC 2 audits. SOC 1 is needed for financial information integrity whereas SOC 2 is needed for data integrity.

SOC 1SOC 2

Needed for:

Financial Information Integrity

To provide independent assurance of Internal Control over Financial Reporting (ICFR)

Needed for:

Data Integrity

To provide independent assurance for one or more of the following 5 principles:

  • Security
  • Availability
  • Processing Integrity
  • Confidentiality
  • Privacy

Types of Engagements:

Readiness Assessment

For those who have not yet begun the process of identifying key controls and processes related to financial reporting or who need assistance developing a final control listing to later be used in SOC testing.

Type 1

Testing the Design of Controls related to financial reporting. For those with an immediate need of a SOC audit, who are confident in their controls, and are seeking a 'point-in-time' assurance that their controls are suitably designed.

Type 2

Testing the Design and Effectiveness of Controls related to financial reporting.

Types of Engagements:

Readiness Assessment

For those who have not yet begun the process of identifying key controls and processes related to relevant security principles or who need assistance developing a final control listing to later be used in SOC testing

Type 1

Testing the Design of Controls related to relevant security principles. For those with an immediate need of a SOC audit, who are confident in their controls, and are seeking a 'point-in-time' assurance that their controls are suitably designed.

Type 2

Testing the Design and Effectiveness of Controls related to relevant security principles.

If you are a SaaS company, payment processor, or a company servicing financial institutions, a SOC audit can provide a powerful advantage to your business.

Show your prospects and clients that you are a safe and reliable option for your services.

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